Like all sciences, psychology has had different ‘schools of thought’ throughout its history. One of the most influential of these is Behaviourism, pioneered in the early 20th Century by Skinner and Watson. Behaviourism aimed to make psychology more scientific - rather than trying to decipher people’s thoughts and feelings, behaviourists are interested in inputs and outputs. Much of their work was done with animals - teaching a rat to press a lever to gain a reward for example. Although modern day psychologists, unlike the most radical behaviorists at the start of the movement, do believe that mental states are worth investigating, their more scientific, experimental approach has had a lasting impact on the way psychology studies are carried out.
Articles about behavioural psychology
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